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Lawrence William Nichols
Name : Lawrence William Nichols
Died : 17th May 1943
He was Wireless Operator on Lancaster ED887 AJ-A of No.617 Sqn on the Dambusters raid of 16th - 17th May 1943. As part of the first wave, the aircraft successfully dropped its Upkeep mine and began the breach in the Mohne dam. Over the Dutch coast on the return leg, the aircraft was shot down with no survivors.
Known Service Details :
Start of Service
End of Service
17th May 1943
Killed in Action
Known Individual Aircraft :
|Aircraft for : Lawrence William Nichols|
|A list of all aircraft associated with Lawrence William Nichols. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Avro
Production Began : 1942
Retired : 1963
Number Built : 7377
The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' Operation Gomorrah in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.
|Squadrons for : Lawrence William Nichols|
|A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Lawrence William Nichols. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.|
No.617 Sqn RAF
Country : UK
Founded : 23rd March 1943
Apres mois, le deluge - After me, the flood
|No.617 Sqn RAF|
Full profile not yet available.
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|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Robinson : Squadrons updated (added No.99 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Whitley P4981 : Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Whitley was ordered to divert to Dres but encountered bad weather and the Whitley was abandoned near Grimethrope in Yorkshire.)|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden X3001 : Airframe notes updated (added 10-02-1941 : Hampden was shot down by a night-fighter and crashed north of Alkmaar in Holland.)|
|Sergeant Oliver Beard added to aircrew database :|
Killed aged 21 on 4th July 1943 when his Stirling BK718 WP-M of No.90 Sqn was shot down and crashed near Cologne. He is buried in Overloon War Cemetery. Son of John Oliver Beard and Margaret Beard, of Rock Ferry, Cheshire.
|Flying Fortress Mk.F-85-BO 42-30043 of 547th Bomb Squadron added to the airframes database.|
|New victory claim added : Me110 claimed on 15th September 1940 by Jozef Jeka of No.238 Sqn RAF|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Wellington R1004 : Aircrew updated, Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Wellington was abandoned in the vicinity of Cambridge after the bomber fell across houses, killing three women and injuring another.)|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Pilot Officer John Romney Mather : First name updated (now John Romney), Aircraft updated (added Spitfire), Airframes updated (added Spitfire P7539), Squadron service dates updated, Rank updated (now Pilot Officer)|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Flying Fortress 42-30037 : Squadrons updated (added 384th Bomb Group)|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Whitley P5013 : Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Whitley was unable to comply with diversion order and subsequently was abandoned at Hatfield Military Complex.)|
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