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Edward Cuthbert Johnson - Aircrew Details - Aviation Directory

Edward Cuthbert Johnson



Edward Johnson

Name : Edward Cuthbert Johnson
Died : 1st October 2002

Awards :
Distinguished Flying Cross

He joined the RAFVR early in the war, serving with 50 and 106 Squadrons. When he joined 617 Squadron in 1943 he was the bomb aimer on Lancaster AJ-N piloted by Les Knight on the Dambusters raid. During that raid they first attacked the Mohne Dam and then went on to attack and actually breach the Eder Dam, for which he was awarded the DFC. Later in 1943 he was shot down but evaded capture and during a two month journey returned to England via Holland, France, Spain and Gibraltar. Sadly, Edward Johnson died 1st October 2002.

Known Service Details :

Squadron

Rank

Start of Service

End of Service

Known Dates

Aircraft

Airframes

Notes

No.617 Sqn RAF

Flying Officer

unknown

unknown

Lancaster

ED912

No.50 Sqn RAF

unknown

unknown

No.106 Sqn RAF

unknown

unknown

Artwork signed by this Pilot or Aircrew



The Dambusters by Simon Smith.


The Dambusters by Gerald Coulson.


Homeward Bound by Nicolas Trudgian.


Breaching the Dams by Nicolas Trudgian.


A Lincolnshire Sunset 1944 by Gerald Coulson (AP)

Artwork featuring the mounted signature of this Pilot or Aircrew


Inbound to Target - The Dambusters by Robert Taylor. (B)


Bomb Away! The Third Assault by Robert Taylor. (B)

Artwork with companion print(s) featuring the mounted signature of this Pilot or Aircrew


The Dambusters - Last Moments of the Möhne Dam by Robert Taylor. (C)

On Course for the Möhne Dam by Richard Taylor. (B)

Photos Submitted Through Our Directory



Edward Johnson




Squadrons :
No.617 Sqn RAF
Pilots or Aircrew :
Leslie Gordon Knight
Raymond Ernest Grayston
Harold Sidney Hobday
Robert George Thomas Kellow
Edward Cuthbert Johnson
Frederick E Sutherland
Harry O'Brien
Historical Notes :
03-05-1943 - Joined No.617 Sqn with code AJ-N.
16-05-1943 - Took part in the Dambusters raid as part of the first wave. Successfully bombed the Eder dam, causing it to be breached. Returned to base safely. Crew : Pilot Officer Leslie Gordon Knight (Pilot), Sergeant Raymond Ernest Grayston (Flight Engineer), Flying Officer Harold Sidney Hobday (Navigator), Flight Sergeant Robert George Thomas Kellow (Wireless Operator), Flying Officer Edward Cuthbert Johnson (Bomb Aimer), Sergeant Frederick E Sutherland (Front Gunner), Sergeant Harry E O'Brien (Rear Gunner).
26-09-1946 - Scrapped.

Known Individual Aircraft :

Type

Serial

Codes

First Flew

Squadron History

Aircrew History

History Notes

Engine

Factory

Lancaster

ED912

AJ-N

-

details

details

details




Aircraft for : Edward Cuthbert Johnson
A list of all aircraft associated with Edward Cuthbert Johnson. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.
AircraftInfo

Lancaster



Click the name above to see prints featuring Lancaster aircraft.

Manufacturer : Avro
Production Began : 1942
Retired : 1963
Number Built : 7377

Lancaster

The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' Operation Gomorrah in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.



Squadrons for : Edward Cuthbert Johnson
A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Edward Cuthbert Johnson. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.
SquadronInfo

No.106 Sqn RAF

Country : UK
Founded : 30th September 1917
Fate : Disbanded 24th May 1963

Pro libertate - For freedom

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of No.106 Sqn RAF

No.106 Sqn RAF

106 Squadron was formed 30th September 1917 at Andover, and served in Ireland on Army co-operation duties from May 1918 until disbandment in 1919. Re-formed in June 1938, the squadron was equipped with Hawker Hinds, and later Fairey Battles and from May 1939 until March 1942 was equipped with the Handley Page Hampden. The first operational WWII sortie, on the night of 9/10th September 1940 was mine laying in the Bordeaux area and the first bombing sortie was on the night of 1st/2nd March 1941 against Cologne. From February 1942 until June the same year 106 was equipped with the Avro Manchester. Following this short spell, the squadron was re-equipped with the Avro Lancaster. Although they used both Lancasters and Manchesters on all three 1,000 bomber raids (Cologne 30th/31st May 1942, Essen 1st/2nd June 1942, and Bremen 25/26th June 1942) - the third one against Bremen was the last one when the Manchesters were used. In October 1942, 106 contributed 10 Lancasters to 5 Group's epic low level daylight raid against the Schneider Works at Le Creusot, and 2 Lancasters (one of which was piloted by Wing Commander Guy Gibson CO of 106) to the subsidiary raid on the transformer and switching station at Montchanin. In 1943, they took part in the first shuttle-bombing raids (target Friedrichshafen), and the famous Peenemunde raid. During what was to become known as the Battle of Berlin (November 1943- March 1944) 106 dispatched 281 Lancasters on 20 raids, with the loss of eight aircraft. In 1944, 106 helped prepare the way for the invasion of Europe by hitting targets such as a Coastal Gun Battery at St Pierre du Mont and V-1 storage sites. In December 1944, 106 made a round trip of over 1,900 miles to attack the German Baltic Fleet at Gdynia. In March 1945, the squadron provided air support (against the defences of Wesel) for Commandos crossing the Rhine. Their last bombing sortie was on 25/26th April 1945 against the oil refinery at Vallo, Norway and 106 Squadron finally disbanded February 1946.

No.50 Sqn RAF

Country : UK
Founded : 15th May 1916
Fate : Disbanded 31st March 1984

From defence to attack

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of No.50 Sqn RAF

No.50 Sqn RAF

Full profile not yet available.

No.617 Sqn RAF

Country : UK
Founded : 23rd March 1943

Apres mois, le deluge - After me, the flood

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of No.617 Sqn RAF

No.617 Sqn RAF

Full profile not yet available.




Last edited : 11:35, May 24, 2013
Last editor : kc

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RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES
Updates made to Aircrew database for : Douglas : Airframes updated (added Wellington R1004)
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Flight Lieutenant Roy Pengilley added to aircrew database :
A pilot with 625 Sqn before being chosen for Pathfinders on Lancasters, joining 582 Sqn and completing 59 operations. Roy was wounded on a daylight operation spending two months in hospital, finally completing his tour in March 1945.
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