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Edward Cuthbert Johnson
Name : Edward Cuthbert Johnson
Died : 1st October 2002
Distinguished Flying Cross
He joined the RAFVR early in the war, serving with 50 and 106 Squadrons. When he joined 617 Squadron in 1943 he was the bomb aimer on Lancaster AJ-N piloted by Les Knight on the Dambusters raid. During that raid they first attacked the Mohne Dam and then went on to attack and actually breach the Eder Dam, for which he was awarded the DFC. Later in 1943 he was shot down but evaded capture and during a two month journey returned to England via Holland, France, Spain and Gibraltar. Sadly, Edward Johnson died 1st October 2002.
Known Service Details :
Start of Service
End of Service
Artwork signed by this Pilot or Aircrew
The Dambusters by Simon Smith.
The Dambusters by Gerald Coulson.
Homeward Bound by Nicolas Trudgian.
Breaching the Dams by Nicolas Trudgian.
A Lincolnshire Sunset 1944 by Gerald Coulson (AP)
Artwork featuring the mounted signature of this Pilot or Aircrew
Inbound to Target - The Dambusters by Robert Taylor. (B)
Bomb Away! The Third Assault by Robert Taylor. (B)
Artwork with companion print(s) featuring the mounted signature of this Pilot or Aircrew
The Dambusters - Last Moments of the Möhne Dam by Robert Taylor. (C)
On Course for the Möhne Dam by Richard Taylor. (B)
Photos Submitted Through Our Directory
Known Individual Aircraft :
|Aircraft for : Edward Cuthbert Johnson|
|A list of all aircraft associated with Edward Cuthbert Johnson. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Avro
Production Began : 1942
Retired : 1963
Number Built : 7377
The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' Operation Gomorrah in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.
|Squadrons for : Edward Cuthbert Johnson|
|A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Edward Cuthbert Johnson. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.|
No.106 Sqn RAF
Country : UK
Founded : 30th September 1917
Fate : Disbanded 24th May 1963
Pro libertate - For freedom
|No.106 Sqn RAF|
106 Squadron was formed 30th September 1917 at Andover, and served in Ireland on Army co-operation duties from May 1918 until disbandment in 1919. Re-formed in June 1938, the squadron was equipped with Hawker Hinds, and later Fairey Battles and from May 1939 until March 1942 was equipped with the Handley Page Hampden. The first operational WWII sortie, on the night of 9/10th September 1940 was mine laying in the Bordeaux area and the first bombing sortie was on the night of 1st/2nd March 1941 against Cologne. From February 1942 until June the same year 106 was equipped with the Avro Manchester. Following this short spell, the squadron was re-equipped with the Avro Lancaster. Although they used both Lancasters and Manchesters on all three 1,000 bomber raids (Cologne 30th/31st May 1942, Essen 1st/2nd June 1942, and Bremen 25/26th June 1942) - the third one against Bremen was the last one when the Manchesters were used. In October 1942, 106 contributed 10 Lancasters to 5 Group's epic low level daylight raid against the Schneider Works at Le Creusot, and 2 Lancasters (one of which was piloted by Wing Commander Guy Gibson CO of 106) to the subsidiary raid on the transformer and switching station at Montchanin. In 1943, they took part in the first shuttle-bombing raids (target Friedrichshafen), and the famous Peenemunde raid. During what was to become known as the Battle of Berlin (November 1943- March 1944) 106 dispatched 281 Lancasters on 20 raids, with the loss of eight aircraft. In 1944, 106 helped prepare the way for the invasion of Europe by hitting targets such as a Coastal Gun Battery at St Pierre du Mont and V-1 storage sites. In December 1944, 106 made a round trip of over 1,900 miles to attack the German Baltic Fleet at Gdynia. In March 1945, the squadron provided air support (against the defences of Wesel) for Commandos crossing the Rhine. Their last bombing sortie was on 25/26th April 1945 against the oil refinery at Vallo, Norway and 106 Squadron finally disbanded February 1946.
No.50 Sqn RAF
Country : UK
Founded : 15th May 1916
Fate : Disbanded 31st March 1984
From defence to attack
|No.50 Sqn RAF|
Full profile not yet available.
No.617 Sqn RAF
Country : UK
Founded : 23rd March 1943
Apres mois, le deluge - After me, the flood
|No.617 Sqn RAF|
Full profile not yet available.
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : G. B. Boreham : Squadrons updated (added No.58 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Warrant Officer Stanley F Paddy Hope : First name updated (now Stanley F Paddy), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden X3001 : Airframe notes updated (added 10-02-1941 : Hampden was shot down by a night-fighter and crashed north of Alkmaar in Holland.)|
|New victory claim added : Me109 (Probable victory.) claimed on 11th November 1940 by Robert Innes of No.253 Sqn RAF|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Flight Lieutenant P M H S Hunt : Squadrons updated (added No.12 Sqn RAAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Wellington L7811 : Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Wellington was abandoned in the vicinity of Conksbury.)|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Pilot Officer John Romney Mather : First name updated (now John Romney), Aircraft updated (added Spitfire), Airframes updated (added Spitfire P7539), Squadron service dates updated, Rank updated (now Pilot Officer)|
|Flying Fortress Mk.F-85-BO 42-30041 of 544th Bomb Squadron added to the airframes database.|
|Sergeant Oliver Beard added to aircrew database :|
Killed aged 21 on 4th July 1943 when his Stirling BK718 WP-M of No.90 Sqn was shot down and crashed near Cologne. He is buried in Overloon War Cemetery. Son of John Oliver Beard and Margaret Beard, of Rock Ferry, Cheshire.
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Spitfire X4318 : Squadrons updated (added No.41 Sqn RAF)|
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