Springtime in Venice by Stan Stokes. (GM) - AviationArtPrints.com
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Springtime in Venice by Stan Stokes. (GM)
Aviation historians often overlook the contribution of the Italians to the advancement of aircraft technology. This was particularly true during aviations earliest years. Giulio Douhet was an Italian air power theorist and advocate, similar to Billy Mitchell in America. Douhet postured in the early 1900s that air power would be become the critical influence on all future wars. He argued for a first strike capability that could hit an adversary in the battlefield, at his supply lines, and at his sources of production. The Russians and the Italians were the leading nations in the development of large, long-range, strategic bombers. In Russia the primary design force behind this movement was Sikorsky (who would later immigrate to the United States) In Italy Count Gianni Caproni di Taliedo was the guiding light with more than 300 aircraft designs to his credit. Born in 1886 Caproni had built at an early age a small biplane powered by a small 25-HP engine. He was to become a pioneer in the development of multi-engine aircraft. In 1913 he designed a three-engine machine utilizing 80-HP Gnome-Rhone engines with all three engines inside the fuselage. This arrangement proved impractical and was scrapped for a more conventional system in the Ca.31, which first flew in 1914. The first operational three-engine Caproni was the Ca.32 biplane (military designation Ca.2) and it utilized 100-HP Fiat 6-cylinder, liquid-cooled engines. The 32 had a wingspan of almost 73 feet (compared to 98 feet for Sikorskys Ilya Mourometz) and a maximum speed of about 72-MPH. The 32 was armed with one or two machineguns, had a crew of 4, and a bomb capacity of 780 lbs. These aircraft were utilized in the first Italian bombing raid of the War. More than 164 Ca.32s were produced. In 1917 Caproni began a production run of 269 Ca.33s, which were similar to the 32 but with more powerful engines. Near the end of the War Caproni produced more than 225 Series 5 aircraft (some under license) Series 5 covered the Ca.44, Ca.45, and Ca.46. The 46 could carry a 1984-pound bomb load at a maximum speed of more than 94-MPH. One of the most distinctive in the series of Caproni bombers was the Ca.42. This was a triplane configuration. Thirty-two aircraft were built, and six of these were sent to the Royal Navy Air Service. The 42 was primarily used for night bombing, although a couple of variants were also produced, one of which was fitted with floats and could carry two torpedoes, and another which had a biplane tail fitted with a rear gunners position. In Stan Stokes painting one of Capronis WW I tri-engine bombers overflys the beautiful city of Venice in a scene very removed from the ravages of WW I trench warfare. Shortly after the War Caproni conceived of a plan for a huge flying boat capable of carrying 100 or more passengers on overseas journeys. The Ca-60 was a 55,000-pound behemoth powered by Liberty engines. Unfortunately production technology was not yet as advanced as Capronis farsighted thinking. The Ca-60 was destroyed during one of its early flight tests.
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Item Code : STK0018GM
Springtime in Venice by Stan Stokes. (GM) - This Edition
Limited edition of 100 giclee canvas prints.
Size 36 inches x 24 inches (91cm x 61cm)
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RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES
Updates made to Aircrew database for : Squadron Leader John Leslie Munro : Date of death updated, Deceased updated
Updates made to Aircrew database for : Ludwig Meister : Date of death updated, Deceased updated, Squadron service dates updated
No.822 Sqn FAA added to the squadrons database.
Lieutenant Colonel William B McChessney Jr added to aircrew database : One of the original pilots of the Hell Hawks, joining in August 1943, he flew two sorties on D-Day, Market Garden, Bastogne and Operation Bodenplatte in his P-47 Judy Ann. He finished the war with 121 combat missions and a Ju88 destroyed.
Updates made to Aircrew database for : Colonel Herbert L Prevost :
New victory claim added : Me110 claimed on 30th August 1940 by Robert Innes of No.253 Sqn RAF
Lieutenant Colonel Carl R Riggs added to aircrew database : From November 1944 until the end of the war he completed 56 combat missions including the Battle of the Bulge and on 1st January 1945 was wounded during the Luftwaffe attack of Operation Bodenplatte but returned to combat shortly after.
511th Bomb Squadron added to the squadrons database.
Hampden Mk.I AD899 of No.44 Sqn RAF added to the airframes database.
New victory claim added : Me109 claimed on 5th September 1940 by Flight Lieutenant A. C. Rabagliati of No.46 Sqn RAF