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|Extra Details : Avro Lancaster Mk III ND845 MG-C. by M A Kinnear.|
Some other related items available from this site, matching the aircraft, squadron or signatures of this item.
Night Raiders by Stan Stokes. (B)
Tribute to the 617 Sqn Dambusters Crew of Lancaster AJ-G by David Pentland. (P)
First Strike by Ivan Berryman. (APB)
Breaching the Dams by Nicolas Trudgian. (B)
|The Aircraft :|
|Lancaster||The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' "Operation Gomorrah" in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.|
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Flight Lieutenant Ken Tempest : Birth date updated, Date of death updated, Deceased updated, Aircraft updated, Squadron service dates updated|
|New victory claim added : Me109 claimed on 16th August 1940 by Pilot Officer A. R. H. Barton of No.32 Sqn RAF|
|Stirling Mk.I N6011 of No.7 Sqn RAF added to the airframes database.|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Otto Schultz :|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden AD738 : Airframe notes updated (added 04-04-1941 : Hampden was shot down by flak at St-Renan near Brest in France, killing all crew.)|
|1st Lieutenant Matt Ruper added to aircrew database :|
Flying with the Hell Hawks from June 1944 to the end of the war he completed 106 combat missions including Market Garden and the Battle of the Bulge and survived being shot down by ground fire during a low level strafing mission.
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Anson K6296 : Aircrew updated (added J. Stransky), Airframe notes updated (added 01-04-1941 : Anson crash-landed at Honington following the loss of the starboard aileron.)|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden AD753 :|
|387th Fighter Squadron added to the squadrons database.|
|1st Lieutenant Edward J Lopez added to aircrew database :|
Joining the 365th Fighter Group slightly after D-Day he fought through Normandy, Bastogne and into Germany, dropping 500lb bombs on armored convoys. On one occasion he pressed on to destroy flak guns despite being badly hit by their 20mm fire.
|SEARCH OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
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