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Some other related items available from this site, matching the aircraft, squadron or signatures of this item.
Target Bearing 270 by Robert Taylor (AP)
GONER 58A, Mohne Dam, Germany, 17th May 1943 by David Pentland. (RM)
Night Mission Ahead by Keith Woodcock. (Y)
Prelude by Geoffrey R Herickx. (Y)
|The Aircraft :|
|Lancaster||The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' "Operation Gomorrah" in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.|
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden AD753 :|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden X2899 : Airframe notes updated (added 06-04-1941 : Hampden was lost without trace after taking off from Scampton to lay mines off Brest.)|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Lieutenant Colonel Michael D Cannon :|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Lieutenant Colonel Archie F Maltbie : Squadrons updated (added 388th Fighter Squadron), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : 1st Lieutenant Edward J Lopez : Squadrons updated (added 387th Fighter Squadron), Squadron service dates updated|
|Blenheim Mk.IV L9386 of No.139 Sqn RAF added to the airframes database.|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Manchester L7302 : Aircrew updated, Airframe notes updated (added 08-04-1941 : Manchester was hit by flak in the starboard engine and subsequently caught fire. The bomber was then abandoned near Hamburg.)|
|New victory claim added : Me109 ((second claim on this date)) claimed on 16th August 1940 by Pilot Officer A. R. H. Barton of No.32 Sqn RAF|
|1st Lieutenant Edward J Lopez added to aircrew database :|
Joining the 365th Fighter Group slightly after D-Day he fought through Normandy, Bastogne and into Germany, dropping 500lb bombs on armored convoys. On one occasion he pressed on to destroy flak guns despite being badly hit by their 20mm fire.
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Pilot Officer A. R. H. Barton : Victories updated, Aircraft updated, Squadrons updated, Squadron service dates updated|
|SEARCH OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
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