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|Click Here For Full Artist Print Indexes||Aviation History Archive|
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Defenders of the Reich by Graeme Lothian. (P)
Messerschmitt Me262B-1a/U1 by Ivan Berryman. (B)
Me262B Night Fighter by Ivan Berryman.
Victory Over the Rhine by Nicolas Trudgian.
|The Aircraft :|
|Me262||The Messerschmitt Me-262 Swallow, a masterpiece of engineering, was the first operational mass-produced jet to see service. Prototype testing of the airframe commenced in 1941 utilizing a piston engine. General Adolf Galland, who was in charge of the German Fighter Forces at that time, pressured both Goring and Hitler to accelerate the Me-262, and stress its use as a fighter to defend Germany from Allied bombers. Hitler, however, envisioned the 262 as the aircraft which might allow him to inflict punishment on Britain. About 1400 Swallows were produced, but fortunately for the Allies, only about 300 saw combat duty. While the original plans for the 262 presumed the use of BMW jet engines, production Swallows were ultimately equipped with Jumo 004B turbojet engines. The wing design of the 262 necessitated the unique triangular hull section of the fuselage, giving the aircraft a shark-like appearance. With an 18 degree swept wing, the 262 was capable of Mach .86. The 262 was totally ineffective in a turning duel with Allied fighters, and was also vulnerable to attack during take off and landings. The landing gear was also suspect, and many 262s were destroyed or damaged due to landing gear failure. Despite its sleek jet-age appearance, the 262 was roughly manufactured, because Germany had lost access to its normal aircraft assembly plants. In spite of these drawbacks the 262 was effective. For example, on April 7, 1945 a force of sixty 262s took on a large force of Allied bombers with escort fighters. Armed with their four nose-mounted cannons, and underwing rockets the Swallows succeeded in downing or damaging 25 Allied B-17s on that single mission. While it is unlikely that the outcome of the War could have been altered by an earlier introduction or greater production totals for this aircraft, it is clear to many historians that the duration of the War might have been drastically lengthened if the Me-262 had not been too little too late.|
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|New victory claim added : Ju88 claimed on 7th October 1940 by Jozef Jeka of No.238 Sqn RAF|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Wellington L7811 : Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Wellington was abandoned in the vicinity of Conksbury.)|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Leading Aircraftsman H Cooke : Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : T2282 : Squadrons updated|
|JGr Losigkeit added to the squadrons database.|
|Flying Fortress Mk.F-85-BO 42-30040 of 337th Bomb Squadron added to the airframes database.|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Sergeant George Llewelyn Williams : First name updated (now George Llewelyn), Service number updated (now 524733), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Pilot Officer Oliver Bertram Morrogh-Ryan : First name updated (now Oliver Bertram), Deceased updated, Aircraft updated, Squadrons updated (added No.68 Sqn RAF), Airframes updated, Squadron service dates updated, Rank updated (now Pilot Officer)|
|412th Fighter Squadron added to the squadrons database.|
|D. N. Beal added to aircrew database.|
|SEARCH OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
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