Ramraiders by Robert Tomlin.
FW 190 A-8/R-8 Sturmbock no 681382 of Hauptmann Wilhelm Moritz stalks a formation of B-17 Flying Fortresses. Moritz led 4JG3, the Luftaffes first dedicated Sturmgruppe for seven months from April to November 44 before being relieved from exhaustion. He ended the war with over 44 victories..
|Item Code : DHM2509||Ramraiders by Robert Tomlin. - This Edition|
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|Other editions of this item : ||Ramraiders by Robert Tomlin. ||DHM2509|
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|The Aircraft :|
|Fw190||The Focke-Wulf 190 development project began in 1937. Conceived as a hedge against total dependence on the Messerchmitt 109, the 190 was designed by Kurt Tank utilizing a radial engine. This was against generally accepted design criteria in Germany, and many historians believe that the decision to produce a radial engine fighter was largely due to the limited manufacturing capacity for in-line, water-cooled engines which were widely used on all other Luftwaffe aircraft. Despite these concerns, Tanks design was brilliant, and the 190 would become one of the top fighter aircraft of WWII. The first prototype flew in mid-1939. The aircraft had excellent flying characteristics, a wonderful rate of acceleration, and was heavily armed. By late 1940 the new fighter was ordered into production. Nicknamed the butcher bird, by Luftwaffe pilots, early 190s were quite successful in the bomber interceptor role, but at this stage of the war many Allied bombing raids lacked fighter escort. As the war dragged on, Allied bombers were increasingly accompanied by fighters, including the very effective P-51 Mustang. The Allies learned from experience that the 190s performance fell off sharply at altitudes above 20,000 feet. As a result, most Allied bombing missions were shifted to higher altitudes when fighter opposition was likely. Kurt Tank had recognized this shortcoming and began working on a high-altitude version of the 190 utilizing an in-line, water-cooled engine. Utilizing a Jumo 12-cylinder engine rated at 1770-HP, and capable of 2,240-HP for short bursts with its methanol injection system, the 190D, or Long Nose or Dora as it was called, had a top speed of 426-MPH at 22,000 feet. Armament was improved with two fuselage and two wing mounted 20mm cannon. To accommodate the changes in power plants the Dora had a longer, more streamlined fuselage, with 24 inches added to the nose, and an additional 19 inches added aft of the cockpit to compensate for the altered center of gravity. By mid 1944 the Dora began to reach fighter squadrons in quantity. Although the aircraft had all the right attributes to serve admirably in the high altitude interceptor role, it was not generally focused on such missions. Instead many 190Ds were assigned to protect airfields where Me-262 jet fighters were based. This was due to the latter aircrafts extreme vulnerability to Allied attack during takeoff and landing. The 190Ds also played a major role in Operation Bodenplatte, the New Years Day raid in 1945 which destroyed approximately 500 Allied aircraft on the ground. The High Command was impressed with the 190Ds record on this raid, and ordered most future production of the Doras to be equipped as fighter-bombers. In retrospect this was a strategic error, and this capable aircraft was not fully utilized in the role for which it was intended.|
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|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|New victory claim added : Ju88 claimed on 10th May 1940 by John Evelyn Scoular of No.73 Sqn RAF|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Wellington R1380 : Aircrew updated (added Sergeant C. H. R. Mercer), Airframe notes updated (added 07-04-1941 : Wellington was lost without trace after taking off from Stradishall.)|
|New victory claim added : Me109 claimed on 2nd July 1944 by Lieutenant Colonel Ralph F Kling of 388th Fighter Squadron|
|1st Lieutenant Lavern R Alcorn added to aircrew database :|
Joining the Hell Hawks just after D-Day he was shot down by ground fire over occupied Falaise in August but with the help of French civilians evaded capture and returned to his unit. He finished the war with 79 combat missions and scored two aerial victories in April 1945.
|New victory claim added : Ju88 claimed on 15th March 1945 by Lieutenant Colonel Archie F Maltbie of 388th Fighter Squadron|
|1st Lieutenant Jay A Harrington added to aircrew database :|
Flying from March 1944 opne of his first missions was the hit on the marshalling yard at Haiger. He flew missions on D-Day, the major strike on St Lo and throughout the advance from Normandy to the final days in Germany up to the end of the war.
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Wing Commander Charles C Jock Calder : Birth date updated, Date of death updated, Deceased updated, Aircraft updated (added Lancaster), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : 1st Lieutenant Matt Ruper : Squadrons updated (added 386th Fighter Squadron), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Gunther Seeger : Date of death updated, Deceased updated, Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Hauptmann Otto Schultz : Victories updated, Squadrons updated (added JG51), Squadron service dates updated|
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