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|The Aircraft :|
|Superfortress||The largest and most powerful bomber of WW II, the Boeing B-29 Super Fortress, played a major role in bringing about the defeat of Japan. In addition to accelerating Japans surrender following the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with atomic bombs, thousands of B-29 crews flew tens of thousands of bombing missions against Japan from bases in China, India, and later in the War from recaptured islands in the Pacific. B-29s entered service in 1943 following a lengthy, problem-filled, development process of three years in response to the governments request for a long range strategic bomber. Only Boeing and Douglas (the B-32 Dominator) responded to the governments requests, and the B-32 had even greater development problems than the B-29. Powered by four giant Wright R-3350-23 radial engines generating a total horsepower of 8,924, the Super Fortresses typically carried crews of ten. They were capable of a top speed of 357-MPH, and at slower cruising speeds had a range of more than 3,200 miles. The B-29 was a large aircraft for its time with a wingspan in excess of 140 feet and a length of just under 100 feet. The Super Forts also had pressurized forward and aft hulls, which made the long distance missions a bit more comfortable for the flight crews. B-29s typically carried defensive armament which included ten machine guns and a single tail-mounted canon. Because of the pressurized hull, the guns were operated by remote control. The first operational B-29 wing was the 58th which flew out of the China-Burma-India theater. On March 9, 1945 General Curtis LeMay ordered an unusual low altitude attack on Tokyo by hundreds of B-29s carrying incendiary bombs. Five such low level missions were scheduled over a ten-day period, and the combined destruction of these missions exceeded that of either of the atomic bomb missions. B-29s were also effectively used to mine Japanese ports and shipping lanes.|
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : T. P. Byrne : Squadrons updated (added No.83 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|New victory claim added : Me109 (Probable victory.) claimed on 11th November 1940 by Robert Innes of No.253 Sqn RAF|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Whitley T4217 : Airframe notes updated (added 11-02-1941 : Whitley's crew were unable to pinpoint their position and abandoned the aircraft at Bircham Newton. )|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Salt : Squadrons updated (added No.51 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : D. V. Weaving : Squadrons updated (added No.83 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Hampden X3001 : Airframe notes updated (added 10-02-1941 : Hampden was shot down by a night-fighter and crashed north of Alkmaar in Holland.)|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : A. Sayner : Squadrons updated (added No.58 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Flight Lieutenant Roy Pengilley added to aircrew database :|
A pilot with 625 Sqn before being chosen for Pathfinders on Lancasters, joining 582 Sqn and completing 59 operations. Roy was wounded on a daylight operation spending two months in hospital, finally completing his tour in March 1945.
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Squadron Leader Stanislav Jozefiak : Aircraft updated, Squadrons updated (added No.317 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Sergeant P E Wilks : Squadron service dates updated|
|SEARCH OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
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