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|The Aircraft :|
|Mustang||The ubiquitous North American P-51 Mustang, which many consider to be the best all-around fighter of WW II, owes its origins to the British Air Ministry. Following Britains entry into WW II in 1939, the RAF was interested in purchasing additional fighter aircraft from American sources, particularly the Curtiss P-40. Curtiss, which was busy, was unable to guarantee timely delivery so the British approached North American Aviation as a possible second source for the P-40. North American chose to propose its own fighter design which would use the same Allison engine as the P-40. Utilizing new laminar flow wings, the North American fighter was expected to have performance better than the P-40. Developed in record time the new aircraft was designated as a Mustang I by the Brits, whereas the USAAF ordered two for evaluation which were designated XP-51 Apaches. Intrigued with the possibility of using this aircraft also as a dive bomber, North American proposed this to the USAAF which decided to order 500 of the P-51 aircraft to be modified for dive bombing use. Designated as the A-36 Invader, this version of the Mustang utilized dive flaps, and bomb racks under each wing. Some reinforcing of the structural members was also required because of the G-forces to be encountered in dive bombing. A-36s entered combat service with the USAAF prior to any P-51s. In early 1943 the 86th and 27th Fighter Bomber Groups of the 12th Air Force began flying A-36s out of Northern Africa. Despite some early problems with instability caused by the dive flaps, the A-36 was effective in light bombing and strafing roles. It was not, however, capable of dog fighting with German fighters, especially at higher altitudes. Despite these drawbacks one USAAF pilot, Captain Michael T. Russo, who served with the 16th Bomb Squadron of the 27th Fighter Bomber Group, was credited with five confirmed aerial victories in the A-36, thereby becoming the first mustang ace.|
See our aviation history timeline for all today's historical aviation events - air victories, aircraft losses and pilot details.
|RECENT UPDATES TO OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : Halliday : Squadrons updated (added No.58 Sqn RAF), Squadron service dates updated|
|Flying Fortress Mk.F-85-BO 42-30043 of 547th Bomb Squadron added to the airframes database.|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : D. N. Beal : Date of death updated, Deceased updated|
|Whitley Mk.V T4217 of No.51 Sqn RAF added to the airframes database.|
|EJG1 added to the squadrons database.|
|Updates made to Airframes database for : Spitfire P7539 : Airframe notes updated (added 24-10-1940 : Joined No.66 Sqn. & 27-10-1940 : Shot down by an Me109 near Tunbridge Wells. Pilot Officer John Romney Mather killed.)|
|349th Bomb Squadron added to the squadrons database.|
|Updates made to Aircrew database for : G. Chadd :|
|324th Bomb Squadron added to the squadrons database.|
|New victory claim added : Me109 (Probable victory.) claimed on 11th November 1940 by Robert Innes of No.253 Sqn RAF|
|SEARCH OUR AVIATION HISTORY DATABASES|
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